Jupiter Size Compared To Earth A mockup by Vaterase4 of what North America would look like on Jupiter. The distance between Earth and Moon is 384,400 kilometers (238,900 miles) while the diameter of the A Ring outer edge measures 273,550 Kilometers (169,980 miles). This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Join our 836 patrons! Though technically a full day is considered to be 24 hours long, our planet takes precisely 23h 56m and 4 s to complete a single sidereal rotation (0.997 Earth days). Meanwhile, Jupiter orbits the Sun at an average distance (semi-major axis) of 778,299,000 km (5.2 AU), ranging from 740,550,000 km (4.95 AU) at perihelion and 816,040,000 km (5.455 AU) at aphelion. The far side, known as the “Dark Side”, remained unknown to humans until probes were sent to photograph it. From the vantage point above the north poles of both the Sun and Earth, Earth orbits the Sun in a counterclockwise direction. It’s upper atmosphere is composed of about 88–92% hydrogen and 8–12% helium by volume of gas molecules, and approx. the size of Jupiter, and takes nearly a million Earth years to ... to 45 million years ago, compared to our solar system's birth ... By Sarah Fecht However, Earth’s density is significantly higher, since it is a terrestrial planet – 5.514 g/cm3 compared to 1.326 g/cm³. It also probably has an internal ocean that may contain more water than all of Earth’s oceans combined. Because of this, Jupiter’s “surface” gravity is significantly higher than Earth normal – i.e. At the “surface”, the pressure and temperature are believed to be 10 bars and 340 K (67 °C, 152 °F). Observations of these electrical discharges indicate that they can be up to a thousand times as powerful as those observed here on the Earth. Jupiter, the fifth planet from the sun, is the biggest planet in our solar system. ” an inner core (which spins in the opposite direction of Earth’s rotation) and outer core” The Jovian system, on the other hand, has 67 known moons. Earth has only one orbiting satellite, The Moon. The Earth has an orbital period of 365.25 days, which is the equivalent of 1.000017 Julian years. Planet Size. The volume of Jupiter is 1,431,281,810,739,360 cubic kilometers, 1,321 times that of Earth. It is by far the most important source of energy for life on Earth. In terms of size, Jupiter is 142,984 km (88,846 miles) in diameter across its equator. https://www.universetoday.com/22710/jupiter-compared-to-earth I’m trying to figure out how to spell out that throat clearing sound. And there are still many things about the Jovian planet that we do not yet fully understand. Some objects mentioned in the video: Ganymede (Jupiter III) is the largest moon of Jupiter and in the Solar System, and the only moon known to have a magnetic field. Its average diameter is ≈ 12 742 km and that of the Sun, ≈ 1,392,684 km (≈ 109 times larger). The distance between Earth and Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune also varies, but they always remain in the same order as they are all so far away from each other and from our planet. Earth’s has a mean radius of 6,371 km (3,958.8 mi), and a mass of 5.97 × 1024 kg, whereas Jupiter has a mean radius of 69,911 ± 6 km (43441 mi) and a mass of 1.8986×1027 kg. It is also tidally locked with Earth, meaning that one side is constantly facing towards us while the other is facing away. If you’d like more information on Jupiter, check out Hubblesite’s News Releases about Jupiter, and here’s a link to NASA’s Solar System Exploration Guide to Jupiter. In fact, the Moon is the only celestial body outside of Earth that humans have actually walked on. But on Jupiter, the auroral activity is much more intense and rarely ever stops. One storm, the Great Red Spot, has been raging since at least the late 1600s. Along with a number of as-yet-unseen inner moonlets, these moons replenish and maintain Jupiter’s faint ring system. In other words, you could put 11.2 Earths side-by-side to match the diameter of Jupiter. There are 79 known moons of Jupiter. The troposphere contains roughly 80% of the mass of Earth’s atmosphere, with some 50% located in the lower 5.6 km (3.48 mi), making it denser than all its overlying atmospheric layers. It makes sence that the largest planet in our solar system, Jupiter, has the largest moons. How to Use the Planet Size Comparison Chart. Viewed from the celestial north pole, the motion of Earth and its axial rotation appear counterclockwise. It's volume is over 1,300 times the volume of Earth. Planets & Stars. Click on a planet or the Sun for details on composition, mass, gravity, and number of moons. Earth’s axis is tilted also 23.4° towards the ecliptic of the Sun, which is responsible for producing seasonal variations on the planet’s surface. Jupiter has 317.8 times the mass of the Earth. As a rule, air pressure and density decrease the higher one goes into the atmosphere and the farther one is from the surface. As one descends from the crust to the interior, temperatures and pressure increase. Jupiter is the 5th planet from the Sun, and the largest planet in the Solar System. We have written many interesting articles about the planets of the Solar System here at Universe Today. This collision created a massive cloud of debris that began circling our planet, which eventually coalesced to form the Moon we see today. Join us at patreon.com/universetoday. Measuring in at 10,159 miles (16,350 kilometers) in width (as of April 3, 2017) Jupiter’s Great Red Spot is 1.3 times as wide as Earth. The intense radiation, Jupiter’s magnetic field, and the abundance of material from Io’s volcanoes that react with Jupiter’s ionosphere create a light show that is truly spectacular. There are also traces of carbon, ethane, hydrogen sulfide, neon, oxygen, phosphine, and sulfur. It is believed that Jupiter’s core is a dense mix of elements – a surrounding layer of liquid metallic hydrogen with some helium, and an outer layer predominantly of molecular hydrogen. Jupiter is the largest planet in our Solar System, with a diameter of 139,822 km. Jupiter has the largest diameter and is about 11 times that of earth. ‘A total of 13 astronauts have been to the moon’… interesting! [/caption] What if we move Earth into its orbit too? Between its incredible size, mass, composition, the mysteries of its magnetic and gravitational fields, and its impressive system of moons, its existence has shown us just how diverse planets can truly be. From the vantage point above the north poles of both the Sun and Earth, Earth orbits the Sun in a counterclockwise direction. Jupiter, the largest planet in the solar system, has a diameter of about 87,000 miles. It would take 1321.3 Earths to fill up the volume of Jupiter. This means that Jupiter is so big that over 1,300 Earths could fit inside of it. The Moon is one of the largest natural satellites in the Solar System and is the second-densest satellite of those whose densities are known (after Jupiter’s satellite Io). It was once expected that any icy body larger than approximately 200 km in radius was likely to be in hydrostatic equilibrium (HE). Moons. Earth is a terrestrial planet, which means it is composed of silicate minerals and metal that are differentiated between a metal core and a silicate mantle and crust. The planet Jupiter can be seen nearby, along with three of its largest moons. 0.0167) and ranges in distance from 147,095,000 km (0.983 AU) from the Sun at perihelion to 151,930,000 km (1.015 AU) at aphelion. In fact, Jupiter’s polar flattening is greater than that of Earth’s  – 0.06487 ± 0.00015 compared to 0.00335. The Size of the Sun The Sun's diameter is 864,938 miles (1,391,980 km). The Jupiter radius is a unit of length used in astronomy to describe the radii of gas giants and some extrasolar planets. Size of Earth relative to Sun : Earth is small compared to the Sun, in the volume of the Sun could put more than a million Earths (1,305,620). The Sun accounts for 99.86% of the mass of the Solar System. 75% hydrogen and 24% helium by mass, with the remaining one percent consisting of other elements. It accounts for about 99.86% of the total mass of the Solar System. In other words, you could fit 764 planets the size of Earth inside Saturn. Jupiter's radius is about 1/10 the radius of the Sun, and its mass is 0.001 times the mass of the Sun, so the densities of the two bodies are similar. How Do Jupiter and Earth Compare Source: NASA/Jet Propulsion Laboratory-Caltech/Kristen Walbolt and Andrea Boeck Published: July 10, 2018 After traveling 1.7 billion miles, NASA's Juno spacecraft moved into orbit around Jupiter. Wind speeds of 100 m/s (360 km/h) are common in zonal jets, and can reach as high as 620 kph (385 mph). Jupiter is much larger than Earth and considerably less dense: its volume is that of about 1,321 Earths, but it is only 318 times as massive. The shape of Earth approximates that of an oblate spheroid, a sphere flattened along the axis from pole to pole such that there is a bulge around the equator. The denser interior is composed of roughly 71% hydrogen, 24% helium and 5% other elements by mass. In terms of surface area, Jupiter is 121.9 times bigger than the Earth. How Big is the Sun Compared to the Earth? We’ve written many articles about Jupiter for Universe Today. Click here and listen to Episode 56: Jupiter. This works out to an average distance (aka. One of the main reasons for this is because Jupiter is so starkly different from what we Earth-dwellers consider to be normal. Though technically a full day is considered to be 24 hours long, our planet takes precisely 23h 56m and 4 s to complete a single sidereal rotation (0.997 Earth days). Also like Earth, Jupiter’s shape is that of an oblate spheroid. • Earth is very small in comparison to Jupiter which is the largest planet of the solar system. .0167) and ranges in distance from 147,095,000 km (0.983 AU) from the Sun at perihelion to 151,930,000 km (1.015 AU) at aphelion. This groups includes the moons of Metis, Adrastea, Amalthea, and Thebe. It would take 1,321 Earths to match Jupiter’s volume. The size of Earth compared to other planets and stars (and the Universe) – star size comparison. The Northern and Southern Lights) are known to take place. A superior planet, eleven times the size of earth, and 318 times as large. Compared to the Earth, both Saturn and Jupiter are significantly larger and about the same size, but Saturn’s magnetosphere is as small as Earth’s! Notice that Europa and Ganymede, two of the moons of jupiter are as big as small plantes like mercury. See how large the planets appear in the sky. You can also zoom in and out on the planets or the Sun using the plus and minus buttons. semi-major axis) of 149,598,261 km, which is the basis of a single Astronomical Unit (AU). And that excludes Saturn's diffuse outer E Ring! Here’s Earth Compared to Mercury, Earth Compared to Venus, The Moon Compared to Earth, Earth Compared to Mars, Saturn Compared to Earth, and Neptune Compared to Earth. This bulge results from the rotation of Earth, and causes the diameter at the equator to be 43 kilometers (27 mi) larger than the pole-to-pole diameter. Jupiter is a gas giant planet made mostly of hydrogen. The atmosphere contains trace amounts of methane, water vapor, ammonia, and silicon-based compounds as well as trace amounts of benzene and other hydrocarbons. In just about every way imaginable, Earth and Jupiter could not be more different. However, Jupiter’s rotation is the fastest of all the Solar System’s planets, completing a single rotation on its axis in slightly less than ten hours (9 hours, 55 minutes and 30 seconds). it is about the same size but is 10 times more massive. We have recorded a podcast just about Jupiter for Astronomy Cast. 1.000017 Julian years. Choose the correct description of the interior structure of Jupiter and why it is layered in this way. This is the first in a series of products that compare images at increasing resolutions of various areas on Jupiter's icy moon Europa (top frame) to the same location on Earth, the San Francisco Bay area of California (bottom frame). However, the relationship between temperature and altitude is more complicated, and may even rise with altitude in some cases. Compared this to Earth’s mean radius of 6,371.0 km (3,958.8 mi), and you could say that Earth fits into Jupiter almost 11 times over (10.97 to be exact). Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. The volume of the Sun is 1,299,400 times bigger than the volume of the Earth; about 1,300,000 Earths could fit inside the Sun This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. But combined with its orbital period around the Sun, the time between one sunrise and another (a Solar Day) is 24 hours. Data Confirm Near-Earth Object 2020 SO is Upper Centaur Rocket Booster A small satellite mission to study the lunar water cycle has received NASA approval to proceed to the next phase of development. Its diameter is about 1.39 million km (864,000 miles), or 109 times that of Earth, and its mass is about 330,000 times that of Earth. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! And Jupiter’s volume is even bigger. It is primarily composed of nitrogen (78%) and oxygen (21%) with trace concentrations of water vapor, carbon dioxide, and other gaseous molecules. The first Moon landing took place on July 20th, 1969, and Neil Armstrong was the first person to set foot on the surface. It is 1,287,000 times bigger than a solitary Earth. Have a look at the image below for their relative sizes. The table below provides a comparison of characteristics of Jupiter relative to Earth values. Even though Jupiter is an enormous, massive planet, it’s much smaller than the Sun. Meanwhile, Jupiter orbits the Sun at an average distance (semi-major axis) of 778,299,000 km (5.2 AU), ranging from 740,550,000 km (4.95 AU) at perihelion and 816,040,000, Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Messier 19 (M19) – The NGC 6273 Globular Cluster, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Characteristic Relative to Earth (Earth = 1) Absolute Value Mass: 318 1.8986 x 10 27 kg. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), NASA’s Solar System Exploration Guide to Jupiter, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. And Jupiter’s volume is even bigger. semi-major axis) of 149,598,261 km, which is the basis of a single Astronomical Unit (AU). Scientists have confirmed that Near-Earth Object 2020 SO is a 1960’s-Era Centaur rocket booster. 1,300 Earths could fit 764 planets the size of Earth and it 's Moon within the,... The north poles of both the Sun and Earth, it ’ s much smaller than the Earth and,... The vantage point above the north poles of both the Sun, and 318 as! 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