So far is Lowth's rule from the truth, that either, in our primitive writers, was rarely or never used in a disjunctive sense. The friends of a reform maintain that our alphabet should be rendered perfectly regular, by rejecting superfluous characters, and introducing new ones to supply defects; so that every sound may be represented by a distinct letter, and no letter have more sounds than one. Lesser and worser are not double comparatives, but mere corruptions of lesse, læssa; wyrse, wyrsa, which were simple comparatives in the Saxon. The number of inhabitants in the United States, with the amount of exports.—6. This is our true primitive relative; and any person who will examine the present translation of the bible, or the customary language of conversation, will find that it maintains its place as the principal relative in the language. Alleviate, says Johnson, is to "make light, to ease, to soften." Be the first one to, A compendious dictionary of the English language, compendiousdictionaryoftheenglishlanguage1806, Advanced embedding details, examples, and help, Terms of Service (last updated 12/31/2014). It is fortunate for the language and for those who use it, that this doctrin did not prevail in the reign of Henry the fourth; for it was as just then as it is now; and had all changes in spelling ceased at that period, what a spectacle of deformity would our language now exhibit! In which five thousand words are added to the number found in the best English compends; the orthography is, in some instances, corrected; the pronunciation marked by an accent or other suitable direction; and the definitions of many words amended and improved. Cont. A true copy of record. Oros, page 16, 17. The orthography of our language is extremely irregular; and many fruitless attempts have been made to reform it. hist. To these habits we are indebted for all the regularity which is found in our own language or in any other. "The princes of Israel, being twelve men, each one was for the house of his fathers."—Numb. Johnson remarks that c, having no determinate sound, according to English orthography never ends a word. Thus they used, dæges, and nihtes, day and night, in the genitive, like the Greeks—and continuance of time was marked by the accusative, as in the latin language—thry dages, three days. to what objects does it apply? A Compendious Anglo Saxon And English Dictionary A Compendious Anglo Saxon And English Dictionary by Joseph Bosworth. This innovation had some countenance in the pronunciation which had been corrupted by the Universities; for Greek scholars had discovered that the original was skeptikos, from skeptomai. II.—TABLES of WEIGHTS and MEASURES, ancient and modern, with the proportion between the several weights used in the principal cities of Europe. dictionary, which finally appeared in 1828 as An American Dictionary of the English Language. It is a thing of no consequence whether we pronounce vowels and consonants as the Greeks and Romans pronounced them—but it is of immense practical importance, that when we have analogies established in our own language, we should, on no account, violate them by introducing unnecessary exceptions. Such is the history of the introduction of k into our language. From this error, or perhaps from a total inattention to the history of our language, has originated another mistake which now governs public opinion on this subject; this is, that the present state of our orthography exhibits the true etymology of words, and that every alteration would tend to obscure it. From the fragments of the Roman laws of the first kings and of the twelve tables which are still extant, there is reason to believe that this was the primitive sense of qui, or who. The Saxon termination th is universally preserved in the popular pronunciation of this country; and so far is it from being an error or corruption, that it is the very essence of the nouns, drouth and highth. Indeed a man, well versed in etymology, will at once see that the improbability, not to say, impossibility, that two words of such distinct significations, as to be indebted and to possess, can have sprung from a common root. 'Their souls may pass from one body into another."' 1 Palpable as this error is, we find Murray has introduced it, with other mistakes of Walker, into his Spelling Book; giving a whole table of such words as daily, safely, holy, nobly, &c. with directions to pronounce "both the syllables long.". The content of this book is really awesome. Title: A compendious dictionary of the English language. The clouted brogues and clouted shoon of of those poets were shoes with soles studded with nails; such shoes as our country people have worn within my memory, and I am told, still wear, in some parts of America. These are such as end in re, as sceptre, theatre, metre, mitre, nitre, lustre, sepulchre, spectre, and a few others. Alfred's Orosius, Ch. By submitting, you agree to receive donor-related emails from the Internet Archive. Uploaded by The excellence of Johnson's work consits chiefly in presenting to the reader the various different significations of words distinctly arranged and exemplified. Do not such pointed differences, among authors of distinction, prove that there is no uniformity of pronunciation among the higher ranks of society in Great Britain; and consequently, that no standard can be found in their practice? It is proper to confine my observations, in this place, to the more immediate objects of this publication. Musquet, masque, risque, paquet, picquet, chequer, relique, &c. have received a regular English orthography—musket, mask, risk, packet, picket, checker, relic, &c. while burlesque, grotesque, picturesque, pique and oblique retain their French livery. The second definition of Johnson is therefore the only true one; but not well expressed. We have some classes of words received from the Latin through the French, to which a final e was anciently affixed, either for the purpose of forming a syllable or to soften a preceding vowel, in conformity with the established pronunciation of the French. They will further have the honor of conforming to what is in fact the national pronunciation, and has been, from the earliest records of our language. This practice of ending words with e was doubtless warranted by the pronunciation, during the ages which followed the Norman conquest in England. In 1807 he published A Philosophical and Practical Grammar of the English Language. IV.—New and interesting chronological tables of remarkable events and discoveries. Men therefore who use this pronunciation, tho chargeable with "a zeal for analogy," as Johnson observes of Milton, and tho they may not imitate Garrick as Walker does, will still have the honor to be correct, and to preserve the purity of the original orthography. Nares, whose work I have not seen but whose reputation stands high even with Walker and his other competitors, condemns Walker in some particulars; and Jones, the latest compiler of distinction and popularity, sweeps a large part of Walker's peculiarities of pronunciation, into the lumber-room of corruptions. Pdf The New Pocket Dictionary Of The French And English Languages by Thomas Nugent download in pdf or epub online. The Divisions of time among the Jews, Greeks and Romans, with a table exhibiting the Roman manner of dating.—4. The translators unq[u]estionably used this old orthography of bowl, which Johnson mistook for bole, a stem, and without examining the original, explained it in conformity with that idea. Hence, till after the conquest, c was used to express the power of k, as in the Latin language; and insted of not terminating any English word, as Johnson alleges, it terminated every word, where the power of k occurred; as in boc, book; folc, folk; wic, wick; ric, rick. In which FIVE THOUSAND Words are added 1. Ex. These examples are sufficient to demonstrate the importance of investigating the original of the English Language; and how much mischief has been done by men who have compiled elementary books, without qualifying themselves by such previous investigation.[2]. compendious definition: 1. short but complete, including everything that is important: 2. large and including many…. advocateverb: >to defend, plead in favor of appellateadjective: >belonging to appeals decedentnoun: >one dead lotnoun: >a share or division of land, a field 1. But this is the true original Saxon idiom—"Nan man ne dorste slean otherne man, neesde he næfre swa mocel yfel gedon with thone otherne. 2d. It is precisely analogous to wisdom, which is compounded of the ancient wis [not the modern wise] and dom. There are no reviews yet. Broad, was written brade, brede, and braed. The appropriate sense of the word is to make lighter or diminish an evil, or burden, as pain, grief, cares and the like; and a principal use of dictionaries is to mark this particular application of words. Thus according to his scheme, ability, vanity are to be pronounced abileetee, vaneetee; which, as Jones has justly observed, is no "trivial error." In 1806 Webster published his Compendious Dictionary of the English Language. @ Free Pdf A Compendious Dictionary of the English Language ... Whenyou read A Compendious Dictionary of the English Language By Noah Webster, you will find attractive content that cannot be found in other online books. 8. The Saxons therefore adopted the Roman characters, with a few variations, which were required by particular sounds in their language. See more. Ch. COMPENDIOUS DICTIONARY. True; but what is its appropriate sense? 9, 31. Tables of the moneys of most of the commercial nations in the world, with the value expressed in sterling and cents.—2. Download Webster s 1828 American Dictionary of the English Language Books now!Available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. The history of these letters is shortly this. V.—The NUMBER of INHABITANTS in the United States, with the amount of EXPORTS. By immemorial usage, the English nation had established the Latin orthography of words of this class, as scene, from skene; scepter, from skeptron; sciamachy, from skiamachia; in which, contrary to the original sounds of the k and the c, sc had been pronounced as s. To change one word of this class, without the others, was to innovate without reason, or the prospect of utility; to deform our orthography with anomaly and embarrass the student with needless difficulties. A Compendious Dictionary of the English Language (Perfect Library) [Webster, Noah, The Perfect Library] on Amazon.com. On this subject, as on most others which divide the opinions of men, parties seem to have erred by running into extremes. See Boling, let. 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